Diabetes and foot problems occur together more frequently than you might imagine. It becomes much more difficult to heal properly when you are suffering not only from high blood sugar levels, but impaired blood circulation. Still, the inevitable development of foot complications as the result of your diabetes does not have to be your destiny. If you dedicate yourself to taking the extra care necessary, you can maintain healthy feet for the rest of your life. When you have diabetes you have three main problems, all working together and conspiring against you, that can lead to a diabetic foot amputation. It involves your nerves, blood flow and immune system.
Autonomic Neuropathy This type of neuropathy involves nerves that work without your needing to pay any attention to them-for example, nerves relating to control of the blood pressure (orthostatic hypertension), to the stomach or gastrointestinal tract (possible problems include disease of the stomach called gastroparesis or the intestine diabetic diarrhea), to the sweat glands (loss of the ability to perspire), to the bladder (problems with urinating), to balance, and to sexual function. Autonomic neuropathy is not as closely associated with diabetes control as is peripheral neuropathy (neuropathy of the hands and feet), but diabetes control is still needed.
A1c test is largely used to confirm fasting blood glucose levels. It is very helpful in keeping a check on diabetes. Since, it gives average results, one does not require to take the test again and again. However, one should not forget the fact that this test does not provide daily glucose levels of the blood. Hence, day-to-day monitoring has to be done if someone is on insulin dosage, as insulin administration adjustments require day-to-day monitoring of blood sugar level. Proper monitoring, diet control and lifestyle changes can help a person in controlling diabetes very well and have a healthy life.
During a typical day, the average person spends approximately four hours on their feet and takes around 8,000-10,000 steps. So this means that your feet support a united force equal to several hundred tons of repetitive stress in every day. For this reason, foot pain and swelling becomes one of the most common complaints heard by family practice physicians today. Think about how many times at the end of the day your feet are hurting and all you want to do is to get off your feet for a few minutes. Painful feet will certainly get your attention.
Take a Low Fat Diet and Exercise Regularly. A low fat diet and regular exercise are good for your general health. (Avoid weight bearing activities such as dancing and jogging in the presence of diabetic foot ulcers.) Such a healthy living also helps prevent and even reduce blockages in the arteries, including the arteries serving your arms, hands, legs, and feet. Flow of nourishing blood in these distant parts of the body keeps them healthy and reduces the risk for amputation. If the skin of your feet is dry or cracked, use a moisturizing lotion. To avoid fungus, do not use the lotion between the toes.
Doing ice massage can be very helpful, you can do it with the help of an ice pack, gel pack or other frozen stuff by wrapping them in a cloth and apply to the area of pain after every 3-4 hours for at least 15 to 20 minutes. Use of arch support or inserts (usually called orthotics) can be very helpful, just use orthotics as per recommendation of your physician. You can buy ready to use orthotics from a pharmacy or a shoe store and you can also go for the custom made orthotics option which is more helpful.